Table of Contents

Canada

E-government

The offer which is available for Canadian citizens within the field of e-government can be found on the following governmental web page: http://www.servicecanada.gc.ca/en/home.shtml.



E-voting

Different voting technologies have already been used since the 1990s at the municipal level in some Canadian cities. While there have also been attempts for the introduction of e-voting at the provincial level, paper ballots will be used for voting at federal elections further on.
As there are no standards for electronic elections in Canada, each province can determine its own voting machines and standards. The same also applies to municipalities, although in some provinces, these must observe the standards of the respective province.

Pilot projects 2003:
In November 2003, electronic elections were held within the municipal and school board elections in the 12 municipalities of Ontario for the first time. Voting was possible via internet and telephone, yet not by means of paper ballots. Roughly 100,000 voters were registered to cast their vote. Prior to this, every voter had received a voter identification number and a password, whereby they were enabled to vote.
The election turnout could be increased from barely 30% to 55%.

Pilot projects 2004:
In 2004, different voting techniques were used again in several provinces.
So, for example, one could vote by means of touch screen voting machines in Edmonton, province Alberta.
The city of Saint John in the province New Brunswick, however, offered optical scan machines within its municipal election.

Pilot projects 2005:
In this year, the province of Quebec held electronic municipal elections. However, problems occured with the voting machines, and even an election rerun was demanded in some places.
The following three causes were figured out: imprecise legislative and administrative framework; absence of technical specifications, norms, and standards; poor management of voting systems (lack of security measures).

Pilot projects 2006:
Again, voting tests took place in Ontario within municipal elections: Touch screen voting machines were used in Kingston; in Markham and Peterborough, one could vote via internet, while optical scan machines were applied in St.Catharines and Ottawa.

In 2007, electronic municipal elections took place in Alberta once more.

Pilot projects 2008:
When on the 18th of October 2008 municipal elections in Halifax proceed, voters had the opportunity to cast their ballot already between the 4th and the 6th of October in the internet.
To vote online the registered voters had to be identified in the system by their birth date and by a previously sent pin code.

Pilot projects 2010:
In October 2010 local elections took place in the province of Ontario. In a total of 33 municipalities, voters could cast their vote by Internet or telephone. Since in some municipality, both the e-voting system and the phone-voting system collapsed the officials there decided to keep the polls open for another 24 hours.

Up to now no national elections in Canada took place with the help of e-voting. Due to the low turnout (58.8% in 2008) and the already successful e-voting tests on local and municipal levels, the Independent Electoral watchdog in June 2009 recommended allowing e-voting by internet and the online registration at the next national election in 2013.

References:



 
projects/canada/e-government_and_e-voting_in_canada.txt · Last modified: 2011/04/22 11:38 by andalibi
 
Recent changes RSS feed Creative Commons License Donate Powered by PHP Valid XHTML 1.0 Valid CSS Driven by DokuWiki